The Star of Bethlehem is scientifically known as the Ornithogalum umbellatum. This plant is also known as the Sleepy dick. This is a plant in the Liliaceae family, it has something to do with garlic and onions. Star of bethlehem is native to northwest Africa (i.e. Algeria and Morocco), also includes plants that are well known in Europe such as Austria, Hungary, Belgium, the Netherlands, Ukraine, Switzerland, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, Italy, France, Romania, Spain and Portugal. Star of bethlehem is also a plant from west Asia such as Cyprus and Turkey. Meanwhile in North America, this plant, known as the sleepy dick, is used as an ornamental plant and can be found in many places.
Bethlehem has many names around the world. Among the names used for star bethlehem are Arabian flowers, field onions, summer snow flake sleepy-Dick, dove’s dung, nap-at-noon, wonder flowers, chincherinchee, bird’s milk, common star of Bethlehem, nap at noon, pigeon dung, snowdrop, star flower, snowdrops, star of Bethlehem, summer snowflake, and as a ten o’clock lady.
The Star of Bethlehem has its genus name for Greek danger, “ornis” which means bird and caulking. It is aimed at milk for white flowers. The common name for this name is “Star of Bethlehem”, which is why we have created the title of this article with that name. It has small, small, edible tubers, but in some countries it is considered a nuisance or weed. The mother tuber is large enough to cover the outer skin with a yellow color. Even though some people think of it as a weed plant, it is very beautiful and can be allowed to grow in the garden because it provides garden decoration and beauty.
Let’s get to know the star Bethlehem plant more closely. This plant has a short size, it is a herbal and as a perennial, grows to a height of about 0.2 to 0.3 m. This plant is often found in open forests, cemeteries, meadows, river banks, in drained ditches, and in garbage bins. It likes moist, fertile and well-drained soil. It has small tubers as big as white sago lumps. These tubers range in size from 15–25 millimeters (0.6–1.0 inches), while about 18–32 mm (0.7–1.3 in) in diameter, the roots are fibrous at the base and form large clumps. The flowers are located on leafless stems, are cylindrical and 100-300 mm high, these flowering stems are upright.
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This plant in one shrub has ten narrow and linear leaves. Sometimes there are also only 6 leaves, and sometimes up to 10 sheets. The leaves are about 4-12 inches long and measure about 0.1-0.2 inches in width. The surface of the leaves is waxy and dark green with white leaf bones. The leaves are curved and if they grow long they will be hollow.
The flowers are white with a star-like shape on a long leafless stalk about 30 cm in height. The flowers are in the form of a series of umbel about 3 to 10 umbel. Within each flower there are about 6 petals about 1.5-2 cm (0.5-0.75 in) in diameter. The outer part of the flower has a white border and green flower skin. Star of Bethlehem plants appear from April to May. The blooming period lasts 2 weeks. When the flowers bloom, they will smell pleasant and usually bloom in the morning, and the afternoon will close and bloom again the next day.
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If the flowers are flourishing, there will be small fruit like capsules appearing on each flower. The fruit capsules are 8-18 mm in long. In each locul contains many black seeds, round or oval and the surface of the seeds is rough. This is what is the successor of the next generation. We can reproduce this plant by sowing its ripe seeds.
Traditional uses and benefits of Star of Bethlehem plant
- The extract from this plant is used as a sedative, to treat nerves, stress and suicidal thoughts, grief and intestinal disorders.
- The tubers are useful as raw materials for making Homeopathic remedies.
- The star of Bethlehem plant is useful in treating several types of cancer.
- This is one of the traditional medicines in treating rescue
- Topical medicine on boils and ulcers
- The star of Bethlehem plant is also excellent in treating pulmonary edema and fluid retention as well as improving heart function.
– Sensitive skin in contact with the bulb can cause dermatitis
– The bulb consists of poisonous alkaloids
– This bulb is poisonous to grazing animals, avoid your goats from grazing there.
– This poisonous plant is known to cause vomiting, nausea, stomach pain, burning sensation, irritation of the stomach, intestines, shortness of breath, tremors, dilated pupils, sore throat, swollen lips, abnormal heart beat, heart attack, and even death.
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– All of these plants are poisonous, so don’t eat them as they can cause unwanted things. The star of bethlehem plant can cause irritation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, shortness of breath, pain and swelling of the lips and others.