To day we will talk you about how to grow broccoli in your yard or garden. Broccoli is a delicious vegetable that is of concern to many vegetarians. This plant grows in cold areas or highlands and is planted in the early spring and early fall. Broccoli is a vegetable that is still a family with cabbage and mustard.
Growing your own broccoli in the garden is the best choice. This is a nutrient-rich vegetable on the planet. Why choose to grow it yourself? Broccoli is a plant that is easy to grow in cold climates. In fact, growing green vegetables is very easy to do even in the side garden though. If you want to grow broccoli in the garden or behind the house, keep abreast of this article because we will provide ways on how to grow broccoli in the garden easily.
Although still a family with cabbage, broccoli is different. Cabbage is planted with vegetables, while broccoli is planted to take the flowers. Broccoli flowers are taken before they are ripe or blooming, otherwise they will lose their taste and lose countless nutrients.
There are many types of broccoli that can be planted, including large-headed broccoli, to spicy varieties or spicy broccoli Raab, there are also Romanesco varieties and sprouting. Broccoli usually only has one flower in the middle of the stem, but there are also varieties that have many small flowers beside large flowers. So, before you start about how to grow broccoli or planting it, let us see the information below.
How Does Broccoli Grow
Broccoli is a winter vegetable that likes a temperature of 60s and still survives at a temperature of 20s. Many gardeners or vegetable farmers plant broccoli in early spring for the main harvest, then let the broccoli plant grow again for the second harvest in the fall.
The heat in summer causes broccoli “bolt” and produces seeds. This can eliminate the typical taste of broccoli and texture. But there are also varieties of broccoli that are heat resistant compared to some other varieties.
For lighting, broccoli needs full sun. At least, plants high in folic acid need sunshine 4-5 hours a day.
A good soil for growing broccoli is having a pH of 6 because it is a short plant, then the soil must be dry and loose. The high-quality soil is important for planting broccoli, you can add compost and make mounds or beds to maintain good drainage.
When harvesting broccoli it takes 3-4 months from the time of planting.
Tips for Growing Broccoli
Broccoli is the same as mustard greens, it is better to grow it in a small pot, then transfer it to the garden. Plant seeds with a depth of 1/4 to 1/2 inch, after 5 weeks you can transfer them to the garden.
When spring, immediately planting seeds that have grown into the garden. When transplanting, plant a little deeper than planting in a pot.
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The spacing is between 18-inch between broccoli plants. This is intended so that every plant can get enough nutrients and the body can be healthier.
Beside that, another tip on how to grow broccolli is soil fertilit. Fertilization is important in planting broccoli, this is a plant that needs a lot of fertilizer. You can provide compost or organic fertilizer. Organic fertilizer application is balanced every once a month.
Just like other green slices, broccoli needs a lot of water but cannot be flooded. The soil must always be moist dry. Water with one inch of water a week. Watering is important to encourage strong root growth so that plants become fertile.
And it doesn’t need to be difficult with pests and diseases because broccoli also have many pests. Among the pests that often interfere are snails, aphids, and cabbage worms.
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If you grow broccoli in spring, your plants will grow quickly and the seeds be harden. To overcome this, you must keep the soil moist. So, use organic mulch from straw and water. Straw will maintain soil moisture so broccoli does not age quickly. Another important tips for growing broccoli is the process of harvesting. If in spring, you have to harvest more often because broccoli flowers usually age quickly.
Broccoli Harvest Time and Store
If you see that broccoli has grown and is sturdy and its color is green, then this is the time to harvest your broccoli. But if the flowers are yellowing and splitting, you’re late. Broccoli flowers are ripe and lose flavor.
How to Harvest broccoli: Harvest broccoli with a sharp knife. Cut the main stem under the flower or flower head. The plants can continue to be treated and care . It is will produce other flowers on the side of the stem that is smaller in shape. but it’s not a problem because the taste remains the same.
How to Store: Before using, wash broccoli and cut into small pieces. Put in an airtight bag, store in the freezer. Broccoli can last for 5 to one week.
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Thus how to grow broccoli, these tips must be considered carefully so that what we plant, especially broccoli can grow well. That’s all about tips on how to plant broccoli vegetables, hopefully useful!